Varicose veins: causes, symptoms and treatment of the disease.

Statistics published on the official website show that varicose veins are observed in half of the world's population. Most patients with this disease do not realize the full extent of its severity. Every second patient is not involved in solving this problem and survives the formation of venous trophic ulcers.

What are varicose veins?

healthy and varicose vein

Varicose veins or varicose veins are swollen veins under the skin, formed mainly on the surface of the muscles of the lower extremities. The veins take an irregular and tortuous shape of a light or dark blue color. In parallel, the so-called "nodules" (valves) are formed, which disrupt the normal outflow of blood to the soft tissues of the extremities. When the valves cut off the blood supply, the pressure in the veins increases.

The high pressure begins to force the blood out, thereby expanding the walls of the veins and blood vessels. The edges of the damaged veins are pressed against the skin, they become thin and visually visible. Thus, a vascular "network" is formed, which is visible through the layer of the epidermis.

Important! If suspicious formations are found, it is urgent to contact a specialist for help. In a state of neglect, treatment "at home" will not bring the desired results.

Causes of varicose veins

At the moment, many reasons have been identified that can cause varicose veins, including being overweight, sedentary lifestyle, pregnancy, wearing socks and stockings with tight elastics, as well as other clothing. These are the main causes of the disease. Varicose veins in men are several times less common than in women.

Varicose veins are seen in patients with abnormal blood circulation in the veins. The main causes of varicose veins:

Cause Consequence
Standing body position for a long time Experts have proven that varicose veins arise from excessive pressure on the veins of the lower extremities, exerted on them by a body that is standing for a long time. People who spend a lot of time on their feet (store employees, factories, etc. ) are prone to illness.
human genetic predisposition In 65% of patients, the disease is hereditary. This risk can be avoided if the disease is prevented at an early age.
Fixed lifestyle and characteristics of the profession. At the beginning of the 21st century, experts proposed a new term for the disease - "digital varicose veins". This is due to the immobile lifestyle of people who spend more than 50% of their time in front of the computer.
Endocrine and hormonal disorders This mainly applies to pregnant women. As a rule, during this period there is a hormonal failure that leads to blood stasis. Puberty and the postpartum period can also be considered dangerous. It is at these times that varicose veins in the groin and genitals are most often diagnosed in women.
Mechanical obstruction to the circulation of blood through the veins. This can be a blood clot, a malignant tumor, and other hallmarks.
nervous system disorders Nervous disorders and stress can negatively affect veins and blood vessels, reducing the elasticity of their walls.

The causes of varicose veins can be avoided if you monitor your health and take timely preventive measures.

disease symptoms

In order not to "oversleep" at the time of the onset of the development of varicose veins in the lower extremities, it is necessary to know and understand the first symptoms of the disease and take the necessary measures in time.

The main symptoms of varicose veins:

  • "Lead legs" (sensation of heaviness in the lower extremities).
  • Burning and pain in the legs.
  • Swelling of the legs in the evening.
  • vascular networks.
  • Convulsions and involuntary movements of the extremities.
  • Visual expansion, swelling and darkening of the veins.
  • The appearance of seals, trophic ulcers, dark skin color in the lower leg area.

Important! If you ignore the main symptoms of the disease and do not seek help from a specialist, serious complications are possible, which are resolved only by surgical intervention.

Possible complications of varicose veins

Cause Complication
thrombophlebitis In the inflamed areas of the veins, blood clots form, clogging the lumen of the vessels. The blood becomes viscous, which makes venous flow difficult. Basically, the treatment is surgical.
trophic ulcer Advanced form of varicose veins. The complication is formed for a long time, the significant permeability of the vascular wall of the veins increases, white seals appear. A minor injury can cause an ulcer to develop.
phlebothrombosis The formation of a thrombus in the veins, which contributes to the partial or complete blockage of the channel. A dangerous disease, since a blocked venous channel impedes the flow of blood, which disrupts the nutrition of cells.
pulmonary embolism Dangerous obstruction of the pulmonary artery. The essence of the complication is that the formed thrombus blocks the arterial bed. The disease is very dangerous and very often leads to death.

Varicose vein treatment

treatment for varicose veins in the legs

Treatment of this common disease must be taken seriously. The main thing is to notice the onset of development in time and provide timely treatment.

Varicose veins are treated with folk remedies and medical measures (surgery) and medications (ointments, gels).

Folk methods involve the use of various decoctions, compressors, tinctures, homemade plant ointments and other natural products. Such methods are not treated so much as preventive actions.

But the main treatment for varicose veins in the lower extremities is surgery.

Types of surgical treatment of varicose veins:

  • sclerotherapy- the method of treatment is based on the introduction of a drug into the inflamed veins, which causes replacement with new vessels. The method of treatment is quite well-known, simple, safe, and most importantly, it gives a result. Every day, the technology of this method is constantly developing, offering patients accelerated and accelerated treatments for varicose veins.
  • Peel- removal of inflamed areas of the veins after ultrasound. Such an operation is safe and lasts quite quickly, since only the affected areas are removed.
  • Microphlebectomy- removal of inflamed veins through microscopic punctures in the skin. Of the advantages, a high cosmetic effect can be noted, since the operation does not leave scars.
  • laser coagulation- a complex and expensive method of treating varicose veins, which requires professionalism and experience of staff. It is currently one of the most effective treatments for this disease.

Remember! Timely access to a specialist and the start of treatment will prevent further development of the disease.

Prevention of varicose veins

varicose veins symptoms

Prevention of varicose veins is a whole system of methods aimed at preventing the occurrence of this disease.

First of all, it is necessary to build the correct regimen during working hours and at home. This will reduce the load on the veins and vessels of the lower extremities. If the job involves a permanent sitting position, then regular warm-ups and exercises are necessary.

Categorically refuse clothes and underwear that strongly squeeze the lower extremities. This also applies to shoes, which must be comfortable. You will have to give up heels, stilettos, etc.

Spend more time exercising and being outdoors. Swimming and cycling significantly improve the functioning of the cardiovascular system.

Be sure to monitor your weight and nutrition. Excess weight, bad habits and a poor diet are the main enemies of blood vessels.

Regular contrast showers in the morning and drinking more than 2 liters of pure water a day will help prevent the appearance of varicose veins.

Alternative methods of treatment of varicose veins.

green tomatoes

green tomatoes for varicose veins

We tie slices of green tomatoes with a bandage in the places of inflamed veins. Such a compress is placed at night for six months. It will allow you to relieve pain, the swollen veins will noticeably shrink, and after six months they will completely disappear.

Since it takes a long time to treat varicose veins with green tomatoes, be patient. The manipulation must be repeated. To do this, 2-3 minutes after removing the tomatoes, you need to cut a new tomato. Such manipulations are recommended to be carried out 4-5 times in a row for 14 days.

The treatment of varicose veins in the legs with green tomatoes has proven to be effective, many people notice improvements in a few days. A vegetable is also used in case of capillary networks. In this case, you can use the recipe suggested above. But there is another option that can be even more convenient. Twist in a meat grinder or chop 2-3 tomatoes in a blender. Now you need a base - a dense film, on which you apply the crushed mass. Wrap the affected area with this compress and secure it with an elastic bandage. Otherwise, the treatment regimen is the same as described above.

milk and wormwood

wormwood and milk for varicose veins

The use of wormwood in general should be done with caution. First of all, you should apply it on a small surface of the skin of the legs to check the reaction of the body. You will repeat the steps in 3 days. If there is no negative reaction, continue with the full treatment.

The course of treatment should not be long. About 1. 5-2 weeks, and then take a break of 30 days. after 3-4 courses, therapy can and should be discontinued. Material for external use can be purchased at a pharmacy, but it is easy to make infusions and decoctions on your own, at home.

Mix sour milk with finely chopped wormwood. Put all this in a saucepan and let the broth boil. We wait until the broth has cooled down, spread it over sore legs, fix it with a layer of bandage on top. Such a compress should be done once a week for 4-5 months. In parallel, it is desirable to eat as many apples of any variety as possible.

nettle treatment

nettle for varicose veins

This method of treatment is long, but effective and safe. Pour 2 tbsp. tablespoons of dried nettle pour 250 ml of boiling water, leave for 60 minutes, filter and drink 70-80 ml three times a day. The course of treatment lasts up to six months. Throughout the course, it is necessary to exclude fried fish, meat, smoked foods from the diet, and consume as much as possible of boiled foods.

The second common folk recipe for the treatment of varicose veins is a nettle broom. Such a broom is recommended to be stroked on the legs until it is completely unusable. At the same time, there may be unpleasant sensations such as tingling and burning at first, but they will pass in a couple of hours. The therapeutic effect of nettle treatment will last for a long time.

Thanks to this recipe, more than 45% of patients forget their doctors forever. There is a chance that the operation, which until recently seemed like the only possible treatment for this patient, may seem like nothing more than a nightmare.

Compress "Hmelny"

hop cones for varicose veins

A wonderful medicine used against many vascular diseases, including varicose veins. We take 2-3 tbsp. tablespoons of grated hop cones and pour 400 ml of boiling water. We insist 30 minutes and take orally three times a day before meals. Also, gauze can be soaked in the solution and applied to the legs.

To prepare a decoction for both internal and external use, you need to take a tablespoon of the cones of this plant, grind it well, pour a glass of boiled water and boil in a water bath for fifteen minutes. After that, the broth is cooled, filtered and drunk one glass at a time in the morning, afternoon and evening. It is very important that the intake of this decoction is made immediately before eating.

Varicose veins are a common and quite serious disease that can lead to death. But an active lifestyle, proper nutrition, disease prevention and regular monitoring by a specialist will help to avoid an unpleasant illness. Be healthy!